New York Street may be named in honor of Holy Patriarch Tikhon, Apostle of America (+1925)


New York Street may be named in honor

of Holy Patriarch Tikhon, Apostle of America (+1925)



The Northern Cross Historical Society of Russian Compatriots in the USA has proposed naming a street in New York City after Holy Patriarch Tikhon (Belavin) of Moscow and All Russia (1865-1925), reports ITAR-TASS.

This initiative is supported by Russians and Orthodox Americans living in New York, hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia and the Patriarchal parishes in the USA.

“The petition concerning this will be submitted to the mayor’s office in the next few days, in September it will go through the City Council, and we feel certain that in the coming months we will have a Patriarch Tikhon Street in the city,” said the president of the Northern Cross Society, Yuri Sandulov. It is supposed to extend along East 97th Street from Park Avenue to Fifth Avenue.

According to present New York City municipal laws, at least 20,000 New York citizens must support the renaming of a street.

“There are more than 300,000 Russian-speaking citizens in the city who consider themselves to be children of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian Orthodox Church outside of Russia, which is a part of the former. Most of them are enthusiastic about the idea of perpetuating the memory of His Holiness Patriarch Tikhon, who became the first patriarch after the restoration of the Patriarchate in Russia” in 1918, noted Sandulov.

Patriarch Tikhon’s ministry was closely connected with America: between 1898 and 1907 he was Bishop of North America, Alaska and the Aleutians. Through St. Tikhon’s efforts many Orthodox books were translated into English, and St. Nicholas Cathedral in New York was built (the cathedral is situated on the very part of 97th Street that will probably be named after the patriarch). He also undertook an enormous amount of missionary work—dozens of new churches were open during his time as bishop there.

“Orthodox Christians of America remember that Holy Patriarch Tikhon succeeded in preserving the Church in the circumstances of the most cruel persecutions against the faithful that followed the October revolution in Russia. He was our great compatriot who greatly contributed to the rapprochement between Russia and the USA. It is particularly necessary to remember his spiritual and secular exploits now, when the tension between our countries has increased,” believes the president of the Northern Cross Society.

New York City, August 1, 2014


Saint Raphael of Brooklyn (+1915) on the Episcopalians


Saint Raphael of Brooklyn on the Episcopalians

Today being the ninety-eighth anniversary of the repose of St. Raphael of Brooklyn (+1915), here is a pastoral letter he sent out in 1912 regarding relations with the Episcopal Church, mostly likely written on his behalf by Fr. Ingram Nathaniel Irvine. Thanks to Fr. Joseph Huneycutt of Houston for posting it today.

* * *

To My Beloved Clergy and Laity of the Syrian Greek-Orthodox Catholic Church in North America:

Greetings in Christ Jesus, Our Incarnate Lord and God.

My Beloved Brethren:

Two years ago, while I was a Vice-President and member of the Anglican and Eastern Orthodox Churches Union, being moved with compassion for my children in the Holy Orthodox faith “once and for all delivered to the Saints” (St Jude ver. 3), scattered throughout the whole of North America and deprived of the ministrations of the Church; and especially in places far removed from Orthodox centres; and being equally moved with a feeling that the Protestant Episcopal (Anglican) Church possessed largely the Orthodox faith, as many prominent clergy professed the same to me before I studied deeply their doctrinal authorities and their liturgy — the “Book of Common Prayer” — I wrote a letter as the Bishop and Head of the Syrian Catholic Mission in North America, giving permission, in which I said that in extreme cases, where no Orthodox priest could be called upon at short notice, the ministrations of the Protestant Episcopal (Anglican) clergy might be kindly asked. However, I was most explicit in defining when and how the ministrations should be accepted, and also what exceptions should be made. In writing that letter I hoped, on the Continue reading “Saint Raphael of Brooklyn (+1915) on the Episcopalians”

Saint Raphael Hawaweeny, Bishop of Brooklyn, New York, USA (+1915) – Equal to the Apostles and Enlightener of USA – February 27




Saint Raphael Hawaweeny,

Bishop of Brooklyn, New York, USA (+1915)

Equal to the Apostles and Enlightener of USA


Feast day: February 27

Holy Relics: February 14


“He shall be filled with the spirit of understanding; he shall pour forth his words of wisdom and give thanks to the Lord in his prayer” (Sir 39:6).

Our holy Father Raphael was born in Syria in 1860 to pious Orthodox parents, Michael Hawaweeny and his second wife Mariam, the daughter of a priest of Damascus. The exact date of Raphael’s birth is not known, but he estimated it to be on or near his Name Day, the Synaxis of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel and all the Bodiless Powers of Heaven (November 8). Due to the violent persecution of Christians, at which time their parish priest, St Joseph of Damascus (July 10) and his companions were martyred, the Hawaweeny family was forced to flee to Beirut for their safety. It was here that the future saint first saw the light of day, and not in the city of his parents. Indeed, as the child’s life unfolded, it was evident that he would have no continuing city in this world, but would seek the city which is to come (Heb 13:14).

On the Feast of Theophany in 1861, he was baptized with the name Rafla, and later that spring the family was able to return to Damascus. The child attended elementary school, where he did very well, but in 1874 it appeared that Michael Hawaweeny would no longer be able to afford his son’s tuition. Fortunately, help came from Deacon Athanasios Atallah (later Metropolitan of Homs), who recommended to Patriarch Hierotheos of Antioch that Rafla be accepted as a student of the Patriarchate in preparation for the priesthood.

He was such a good student that he was selected to be a substitute teaching assistant in 1877. The following year he was appointed as a teacher of Arabic and Turkish. On March 28, 1879 he was tonsured as a monk by Patriarch Hierotheos, and served as His Beatitude’s personal attendant.

Since the Balamand Seminary had been closed in 1840, Patriarch Joachim III of Constantinople invited the Patriarch of Antioch to send at least one Continue reading “Saint Raphael Hawaweeny, Bishop of Brooklyn, New York, USA (+1915) – Equal to the Apostles and Enlightener of USA – February 27”

Saint Raphaël de Brooklyn, New York, États-Unis (+1915) – 27 février ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* French




Saint Raphaël de Brooklyn, New York, États-Unis (+1915)


Fête: 27 février

Reliques saintes: 14 février

Saint-Raphaël (Hawaweeny), premier évêque orthodoxe consacré dans le Nouveau Monde, est né à Beyrouth, le 8 Novembre 1860, de pieux parents orthodoxes, Michael et Mariam Hawaweeny. En raison de la violente persécution des chrétiens de Damas en Juillet 1860, qui vit le martyre du prêtre de la paroisse de la famille Hawaweeny et de centaines de leurs voisins, Michael et son épouse enceinte Mariam s’enfuirent de Damas à Beyrouth. C’est là que le futur saint vit la lumière du jour. En effet, comme la vie de l’enfant se déroulait, il était évident qu’il n’aurait pas de cité permanente dans ce monde, mais il rechercherait la cité qui est à venir (Hébreux 13:14).

Il reçut son enseignement primaire et secondaire dans les écoles paroissiales de Damas, et sa formation théologique d’abord à l’école de théologie du Patriarcat Œcuménique, à Halki à Constantinople. Il a ensuite étudié à l’Académie théologique de Kiev, en Russie impériale, a servi comme recteur du métochion du Patriarcat d’Antioche à Moscou et a enseigné à l’Académie théologique de Kazan.

Pendant ce temps, l’Eglise syro-arabe aux Etats-Unis augmentait à un rythme croissant. Une Société de Bienfaisance Syrienne Orthodoxe fut organisée à New York et son président, le Docteur Ibrahim Arbeely, a contacté Saint-Raphaël, alors prêtre en Russie, pour qu’il vienne aux États-Unis. En 1895 il vint aux États-Unis et fut chargé de toute la mission orthodoxe syrienne.

Il fut affecté à New York et organisa la paroisse, qui devint plus tard la cathédrale Saint-Nicolas de Brooklyn. Il a supervisé le développement d’autres communautés syriennes, a beaucoup voyagé à travers les États-Unis pour organiser des paroisses en 1896. En 1898, Saint Raphaël a publié un grand livre d’offices en arabe à l’usage de ses églises.

En 1898, Saint Raphaël a été le représentant de la Mission américaine chargé de saluer Saint Tikhon (Bellavine [Futur Patriarche et martyr de Russie] ), le nouvel évêque du diocèse. À la liturgie, le 15 Décembre 1898, il a parlé de la mission de Saint Tikhon dans son sermon. “Il a été envoyé ici pour paître le troupeau du Christ – Russes, Slaves, Syro-arabes, et Grecs, qui sont éparpillés sur tout le continent d’Amérique du Nord.” Saint Tikhon a reconnu ses qualités de meneur d’hommes tempérées par sa piété et il voulut que saint Raphaël soit l’un de ses évêques vicaires. Le Saint-Synode de Russie l’a approuvé et il Continue reading “Saint Raphaël de Brooklyn, New York, États-Unis (+1915) – 27 février ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* French”

Άγιος Ραφαήλ Χαβαβίνυ (St Raphael Hawaweeny), Επίσκοπος Brooklyn Ν. Υόρκης των ΗΠΑ, από Συρία, Ισαπόστολος των ΗΠΑ (+1915) – 27 Φεβρουαρίου




Χαιρετισμοί στήν Ὁσία Ὀσίθ ἱδρύτρια
Μονῆς στό Essex τῆς Ἀγγλίας (7/10, +700) καί στόν
Ἁγ. Ραφαήλ Ἐπίσκοπο Brooklyn τῆς Ν. Ὑόρκης τῶν ΗΠΑ,
ἀπό Συρία (27/2, +1915) [14/2, ἀνακ. λειψ.]

Χαῖρε, Ὀσίθ τοῦ Essex τῆς Ἀγγλίας·
Χαῖρε, Ραφαήλ Ἐπίσκοπε Brooklyn τῆς Ν. Ὑόρκης·

Χαῖρε, Ὀσίθ, γλυκό ἀνθονερο τοῦ Παραδείσου·
Χαῖρε, ὅτι ἄφησες τόν Κύριο νά ἀγγίξη τήν καρδιά σου·

Χαῖρε, Ραφαήλ ἄνθος τῆς σύγχρονης Συρίας·
Χαῖρε, περιστέρι τοῦ Θεοῦ στό Ἄγαλμα τῆς Ἐλευθερίας·

Χαῖρε, Ὀσίθ ὅτι μέ τίς προσευχές σου ἀγκαλιάζεις τό Θεό·
Χαῖρε, Ραφαήλ ἱεραποστολικό καύχημα τῶν ΗΠΑ·
Χαῖρετε, ὅτι ἡ ἀγάπη σας πάντοτε εἶναι
εὐσπλαχνική λιακάδα στήν καρδιά σας·

Χαῖρετε, Ὀσίθ καί Ραφαήλ
κειμενογράφοι τῆς ἀγάπης τοῦ Θεοῦ.

Χαίρετε, Ἅγιοι Ὀσίθ καί Ραφαήλ!

Ποιητική Συλλογή “Φύλλα…”

Άβελ-Αναστάσιος Γκιουζέλης


Άγιος Ραφαήλ Χαβαβίνυ (St Raphael Hawaweeny),

Επίσκοπος Brooklyn Ν. Υόρκης των ΗΠΑ, από Συρία

Ισαπόστολος των ΗΠΑ (+1915)


Μνήμη: 27 Φεβρουαρίου

Ανακομιδή Ι. Λειψάνων: 14 Φεβρουαρίου

Ο Άγιος Ραφαήλ Χαβαβίνυ (St Raphael Hawaweeny) γεννήθηκε το 1860 από ευσεβείς Ορθόδοξους γονείς, τον Μιχαήλ Χαβαβίνυ (Michael Hawaweeny) και τη δεύτερη σύζυγό του Μαριάμ (Mariam), κόρη ενός ιερέα από τη Δαμασκό της Συρίας.

Η ακριβής ημερομηνία της γεννήσεως του Ραφαήλ δεν είναι γνωστή, αλλά υπολογίζεται ότι είναι είτε την ημέρα των ονομαστηρίων, δηλαδή στη Σύναξη των Αρχαγγέλων Μιχαήλ και Γαβριήλ και Πασών των Επουράνιων Δυνάμεων Ασωμάτων (8 Νοεμβρίου) είτε κάποια άλλη μέρα πλησίον της ημέρας αυτής.

Εξαιτίας των μεγάλων διωγμών που υπέστησαν οι Χριστιανοί εκείνη την περίοδο και αφού ο πνευματικός της οικογενείας του, Άγιος Ιωσήφ ο Δαμασκηνός (†1860) και πλήθος Continue reading “Άγιος Ραφαήλ Χαβαβίνυ (St Raphael Hawaweeny), Επίσκοπος Brooklyn Ν. Υόρκης των ΗΠΑ, από Συρία, Ισαπόστολος των ΗΠΑ (+1915) – 27 Φεβρουαρίου”